Low-frequency afferent signals cause relaxation of the bladder by inhibiting sacral parasympathetic preganglionic neurons and exciting lumbar sympathetic preganglionic neurons. It is socially more accepted and more environmentally hygienic for those who are able, to urinate in a toilet. Retrieved 31 March
Elsevier Science. During the Winter Season". Retrieved Within the Felidae , male felids can urinate backwards by curving the tip of the glans penis backward. Timber Press.
During micturition, parasympathetic stimulation causes the detrusor muscle to contract and the internal urethral sphincter to relax. Small Tuesday, 26 July, , Drinking urine is known as urophagia , though uraphagia refers to the consumption of urine regardless of whether the context is sexual.
Boydston; Holekamp K. Lions use urine to mark their territories. Action potentials carried by sensory neurons from stretch receptors in the urinary bladder wall travel to the sacral segments of the spinal cord through the pelvic nerves.